ViÃ±ales : Valley of ViÃ±ales, unquestionably, this is one of the parts of Cuba that is best known internationally. UNESCO has declared the Valley of ViÃ±ales to be a part of world culture and the area being protected by constitution since February 1976, itâ€™s also declared a national monument in October 1978.
It is surrounded by pincushion hills which contain many caves and underground rivers. Their caves have indelible traces of the earliest inhabitants of the island and African slaves arrived after the conquest Six of them have valuable paintings.
You can rent A car in Havana and go to ViÃ±ales, approximately 2 hours driving.
The Valle de ViÃ±ales National Park has the largest cave system in Cuba, Cueva del Indio,( crossed by the San Juan river, partly navigable are the delight of its visitors ), Cueva de Jose Miguel, Cueva de Santo Tomas( the largest of the Antilles, with 45 miles), which were refugies for run away slaves. There is also a cave which doubles as a nightclub.
ViÃ±ales is an agricultural area, where crops of fruit, vegetables, coffee and especially tobacco are grown with traditional methods.
Fishing is also an important part of the area's economy.
Its flora is classified as atypical evolution, particularly in terms of species variety, which features relics of the past as the Microcycas calocoma or Palma Corcho, living fossil 150 million years old, there are 17 endemic plant species not found in else in the world.
Its beauty and size, 132 square km (51 square miles) make it the most outstanding example of karsts valleys in Cuba. This fertile area is surrounded by hills with vertical sides and rounded tops, called "Mogotes", orogenic Jurassic formations rarely known in the world.
With 140 to 400 m (between 460 and 1312 feet) high, they are the only hills of this kind in Cuba. They contain many caves, some of them created by underground rivers (which are navigable in part), which form one of the most extensive cave systems in Latin America.
The small town of ViÃ±ales, is located in the Sierra de los Organos, an integral part of the range of Guaniguanico, in a fertile plain planted with overgrown vertical monoliths (hummocks).
Attractive places in ViÃ±ales include the Museo Municipal, Casa de Caridad Botanical Gardens, Museo Paleontologico, San Diego de los BaÃ±os, the Palenque de los Cimarrones (a Maroon village) and the nearby caves.
You can also go hiking, cycling, trekking, climbing and horseback riding. The options generally allow us to observe the beauties of the park and interact with the rural population, located mainly in the cultivation of the best snuff in the world.
You can still appreciate the traditions of the lifestyle of the area, although the place is better represented the Jardin de Caridad and Carmen Miranda, on the outskirts of the town of ViÃ±ales and considered a jewel of local culture
Tourism centred on the ViÃ±ales Valley is developing and there are three hotels located a few kilometres outside of town, rated three stars: La Ermita, Los Jazmines, and Rancho Horizontes San Vicente.
The campismo Dos Hermanas be composing of 54 cabins (available to tourists), a swimming pool and restaurant.
Private residences which have been tailored and licensed to operate as bed and breakfasts, offer accommodations to visitors year-round.